CAA & NRC : A boon or a bane

Hello reader here I will analyse both side of this controversial law which is facing a mixed kind of response throughout the country. On one side we have people applauding the government and on the other side we have people questioning the ethics of the government calling it unconstitutional and discriminatory.

What is CAA?

The citizenship amendment act , 2019 is an act passed in Parliament on December 11,2019. The 2019 CAA amends the citizenship act of 1955 allowing Indian citizenship for Hindus, Christians, Sikh, Parsi and Jain religious minorities who fled from the neighboring Muslim majority countries Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh before December 2014 due to religious persecution. However the act excludes Muslims.

What is NRC?

The National Register of citizens is a register of all Indian citizens whose creation is mandated by the Citizenship Act 1955, as amended in 2003. It has been implemented by the state of Assam between 2013-2014 . The government of India plans to implement for rest of the country before 2024.

CAA & NRC a boon

Now let us look at the brighter side of the picture. If you think that those minorities which are suffering and there is not even a single country for them where they can live peacefully and India is the only hope then it is a big yes …. CAA is justified and let me tell you the logic behind it

During the partition there were more than 30% minorities contributing to whole Pakistan, Now minorities are less than 3% and graph is going down due to forced conversions and killings. And scenario is same in Afghanistan and Bangladesh. So they have no option left other than turning towards India.

There are many Rohingya refugees living across the border states of Bangladesh and India that fled from Myanmar. Now our BSF have reported the terror links of these Rohingyas which is a serious threat to the national security. Here government claim that NRC would identify these elements and they will be eliminated.

If we talk in the context of Kashmir NRC can be vital for the removal of terrorism in the valley by eliminating the infiltrators. We all remember the exodus of Kashmiri Hindus from the valley in early 1990 which is the dark spot in the history of Indian democracy. The government claims that abrogation of 370 and implementation of NRC can stabilize the tension in the valley leading to the restoration of Kashmiri Hindu in the state.

CAA & NRC a bane

Let’s talk about the controversial side of the law. CAA doesn’t include muslims and that itself violates the article 14 of our constitution. The people who are opposing this law are asking questions like

  1. Why government has considered only religious persecution? Why not the language persecution that is happening with Tamilians in Srilanka. Why they haven’t taken sect persecution into consideration like Ahemadiyas and Shia Muslims in Pakistan and Hazara Muslims in Afghanistan.
  2. Why they have excluded countries like china where uyghur muslims are persecuted?

The government claims that there are many countries for Muslims but if that is the case there are many countries for Christians as well.

Now let us understand why people of Assam are opposing the CAA. Under Assam Accord of 1985, foreigners who had entered Assam before March 25, 1971 were to be given citizenship. Religious persecution was no consideration. The rest had to be expelled. Here CAA clearly violates the Assam accord as it grants citizenship to the minorities who entered from Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh before December 2014. The people of Assam believe that this will change the demography of the state and will adversely affect the indigenous culture.

Let us understand how CAA and NRC when carried together is unconstitutional. If Assam style NRC is implemented across the country the foreigners will be identified but here is a catch the Hindu , Christian , Sikh and Parsi can claim the citizenship through CAA but muslims can’t which make the law discriminatory. Thus it is dividing country on the religious ground.

So far I have mentioned legal and social aspects of the law now let’s talk about it’s financial aspect. It had cost Rs 399 for the NRC of one person in Assam so if we multiply this cost with the total population of India it will come around 54,000 crores. Now the question arises is it sensible enough to implement NRC throughout the country when our GDP growth is declining, is it sensible to implement NRC when GST collection isn’t up to the mark , is it okay to implement the NRC when unemployment is at highest in the country since 1975.

Conclusion

Not everything is black and white there are shades of grey and this is the classic example of that with too many shades of grey.

Memories

They say life’s all about creating memories, moments to cherish. But what if you get hung up on those memories instead of creating new ones?

There are some moments in your life which are just perfect (at least you believe them to be), and in those rare moments, are the people who matter the most (or used to matter). Now, the thing about people is, that they might be important for you, but you wouldn’t be necessarily important for them. When this moment of realization arrives, all that you can hold on to, is those certain moments which you thought were perfect, no matter 10 days, 10 weeks, 10 months, or even 10 years back. Those are the reminiscences you recreate endlessly in your mind.

What you forget in that period is, by living in the past, you’re not giving a way to the future. It’s your life, and you have a significant portion remaining to keep creating new moments. All I want to say is, creating memories is good, but hanging on to them isn’t. Move on. Just enjoy the moment you’re in, and look forward to the future. This moment, is your life.

Adiós

Indian media

“Journalists should be watch dogs, not lap dogs”

Media is the fourth pillar of democracy. There was a time when only DD news was the source of television media but now with coming of various news channels we have variety in the news with questionable veracity. These channels are owned by private corporates but if we look closely they are controlled by one political party or the other. Some of the TV news channels today only attack the opposition parties and with that they are killing the very instincts of opposition building inside us. It’s like asking a question to the government is a crime. For example every night you can come across a TV debate with a aim saying Rahul Gandhi is irrelevant to the Indian politics but irony is they don’t have the guts to ask questions to the man who they feel is relevant.

ABP News anchor Punya Prasun Bajpai wrote an exposé for The Wire’s Hindi website, detailing the grave degree to which the situation had deteriorated in India’s newsrooms.

Writing about the circumstances of his ouster from the channel, Bajpai said he was asked not to make any mention of Modi on his programmes. He also revealed that the government had employed 200 staff to monitor the media and send directions to editors on how they must report on the prime minister’s activities.

Bobby Ghosh, editor of the Hindustan Times, resigned from the newspaper as the government was purportedly unhappy with a tracker that was launched under his leadership to chronicle hate crimes in India.

Since his exit, that tracker has been pulled down.

The BJP has also been brazenly selective in handing out TV licences to new applicants, controlling who enters the fray.

So, Republic TV, partly owned by its own parliamentarian Rajeev Chandrasekhar and helmed by Arnab Goswami, a popular, pro-establishment anchor known for his filibustering style, was given immediate permission to launch a channel. At the same time, Bloomberg Quint, a collaboration between Bloomberg LP and media entrepreneur Raghav Bahl, known to be critical of the government, has been waiting for over two years to go on air.

Bahl, who sold his news empire to Mukesh Ambani in 2014, now runs Bloomberg Quint as a digital live-streaming service. Meanwhile, Ambani himself has emerged as one of India’s most prominent media barons, owning large swathes of news space across TV, print, and online media.

With varied business interests straddling oil & gas to telecom, he or several others like him, who now hold big stakes in the country’s news business, can ill-afford to rub the government on the wrong side.

While the use of proxy businessmen and online intimidation tactics has allowed the government to closely control the narrative, what’s even more worrying is the willingness India’s top media houses have shown in these years to do the government’s bidding.

Now here is the data of 202 prime time TV debates of top 4 news channels (Zee news, Ajtak , India TV , News 18) till October 2019 given by Ramit Verma owner of YouTube channel “Official peeing human”

  • Attacking Pakistan: 79 debates
  • Attacking the Opposition (including Nehru): 66
  • Praising Modi and the BJP/RSS: 36
  • Ram Mandir: 14
  • Bihar floods: 3
  • Chandrayaan Moon Mission: 2
  • Rape case against Swami Chinmayanand: 1
  • PMC Bank scam: 1
  • Economy: 0
  • Unemployment: 0
  • Education: 0
  • Healthcare: 0
  • Public infrastructure: 0
  • Farmers’ distress: 0
  • Poverty and malnutrition: 0
  • Women’s safety: 0
  • Environmental protection: 0
  • Mob lynchings: 0
  • Questioning any government decision or policy: 0

India’s GDP is more than 10 times of Pakistan’s GDP. India is atleast 20-30 years ahead in health care and infrastructure. Yet Pakistan gets featured in our TV debates the most. Unemployment is highest in our country since 45 years but no prime time anchor gives a damn about it. Women’s safety is the big issue today but no debates on it either. This is where fake nationalism trumped rationalism on Hindi news atleast.

Indian cricket in 2019

So it’s time to bid bye to 2019 and if you are a cricket lover you know a lot has happened this year. There was some highs there was some lows and a lot of new exciting development in Indian cricket. So let’s start with the high.

The year started with the test series win against Australia in their own backyard. This was the first time any Indian team had pulled off a test series win down under. I know you can argue there was no Smith and Warner in the Australian side but still had to face the world class Australian bowling. Whatever is the opposition beating Australia in Australia is very special and the year began with the huge high.

There was a low point as well once again team India looked very dominant in the world cup once again once again in an ICC tournament as it progressed India looked like a team to beat once again on the big day early wickets falling and then the heart break. The 30 minutes of bad cricket in the semifinal and team was knocked out of the tournament. That day in old Trafford when Dhoni got run out and could not finish the game we started to wonder what is the future of India’s one of the greatest cricketers and as year draws to an end we still don’t know. But certainly no one wants that run-out footage to be the last of his career. It was the fifth ICC tournament in a row of India failing at knockout games.

The arrival of Mayank Agarwal in late 2018 and his development in 2019 was another high for Indian cricket. For Rohit Sharma it was a dream like year a year which he will never forget. He achieved everything a batsman aspires for most no of runs in the world cup, a test double ton , most run as an opener in a calendar year.

But the thing that stand out for me is Indian pace bowling . It was fascinating to watch our pace bowlers troubling the opposition with steamy bouncers and deadly Yorkers. Can you imagine a test win without the contribution of spinners? But this happened in a pink ball test held this year. This year saw the dominance of Indian pace attack as they deliver win after win and that was great to watch.

The year ended up on another high with a series win against West Indies and with kohli once again finishing the year as a highest run getter.

Image credits- Google images

Kashmir conflict

Kashmir is a disputed land between India and Pakistan since 1947. Since then there have been four official wars between India and Pakistan over Kashmir with two contrasting theories in the respective history books leaving the Kashmir issue still unresolved so at the end there is no winning.

In February 2019 things got even worse after a terrorist attack in Kashmir where more than 40 died after a suicide bombing ramped into the bus filled with troops. A Pakistani based terror group claimed responsibility for the attack. This was the most serious escalation in the years between the two nuclear armed adversaries. India responded by sending bombers into Pakistan, which they say hit the terrorists strongholds but Pakistan reported that India missed their targets and just hit a bunch of trees. And then Pakistan filed a complaint with the UN saying the attack on tress is eco-terrorism. India was adamant that they hit their targets but opposition parties within the country started asking for proofs and this turned out a self goal as BJP returned to the power with a landslide win. Clearly, Kashmir is a loyality test for both countries and this test came at a very crucial time in the Indian politics. The air strike carried by Indian air force formed a bulwark for BJP in 2019 general election.

In August 2019 things heat up again when Indian government scrapped article 370 that allowed a special status to j&k state before. The government deployed thousands of troops in Kashmir to avoid any unrest. Now it was Pakistan’s turn to prove their loyalty so they started making noise all around with nuclear threat to India and carried the issue to the UN where they failed miserably. Clearly, the stakes are incredibly high and both countries need the confidence of their people over Kashmir.

It is much easier for the political parties to exploit the conflicts of Kashmir for political gains than to address the economy and other important issues. But that doesn’t make sense we don’t need a threat of nuclear warfare to flex nationalism. And every time I see people fighting on social media like India won! no Pakistan won! I’ll be like no dude the the British won.

CAB

Citizenship amendment bill 2019 ,aka CAB is the bill that provides citizenship to the persecuted illegal migrants of three countries Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh but only if they belong to six communities Hindus ,Sikhs , Jains , Parsis, Buddhists and Christians while leaving out the Muslims.

Are Muslims no longer welcome in Modi’s India ?

To the above question BJP gave the logic that all the 3 countries mentioned in the bill are Muslim-majority states so there is no question of persecution of that community. But apparently many Shia Muslims are being persecuted and forced to flee from Pakistan. The similar story goes with the rohingya refugees from Bangladesh. This leads the bill as anti-muslim in the eyes of opposition and they say it violates the article 14 of equality.

Why north-east is against the CAB?

For the people of north-east it’s the matter of protecting their identity and culture. They fear that this bill will allow illegal migrants to outnumber the indigenous community especially the illegal hindu migrants from Bangladesh. BJP is accused of changing the demography of the states for their vote bank. This led to violent protests on the streets of north-eastern states.

Opposition believe something deeper is at stake and will India remain secular is the question of the hour for them. Will India define itself from exclusion or inclusion ? Is this bill dividing India on the religious ground? Do let me know your views on the CAB in comment section.

Indian politics

Hello reader in this blog I’ll be talking about Indian politics.

Happy reading…

India is the largest democracy in the world with around 900 million eligible voters. India has 29 States , 9 union Territories ,22 official languages and every major religions such as Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs , Jains, Buddhists , Jews and overly optimistic Christian missionaries. All of this makes India one of the most diverse places on earth. All of that diversity can’t be captured in simple two party system. India has a parliament system which is the nerdiest thing that we took from the British. The last election has over 8,000 candidates and roughly 464 political parties. Usually to take power political parties have to team up and form coalition to get a majority. For last 30 years it was impossible to get majority without coalition but in 2014 the impossible happened as BJP bagged enough seats to form government on it’s own.

Modi led the BJP a right wing nationalist party, to a landslide win. Modi’s victory was based on his rags to riches story, charisma and economic promises for the poorest of country. Modi is actually an incredibly charismatic and astute politician. He gives speeches all the times and he has a history of saying a lot in silence. In 2002 when he was the chief minister of Gujarat he received a international condemnation for not speaking out or stopping violent riots. Now Modi said his steps were adequate and court agreed but almost 2000 people were still killed. Ultimately, Modi followed the Layne Wayne rule of diplomacy “Real G’s move in silence like lasagna”. Now compare that with man against him Rahul Gandhi. Rahul Gandhi the ex president of Indian national Congress BJP’s main opposition. His great-grandfather, grandmother and father were all prime ministers but apparently greatness isn’t hereditary. The BJP has called Rahul lazy, stupid , entitled even papu.

Now the truth is the downfall of Congress which propelled the BJP to victory had started long back before Rahul Gandhi. The Congress party has been mired with numerous corruption scandals. There are honestly too many to go through but 2G scam was the hall of fame. The time magazine ranked it the 2nd most abuse of power. But the people involved ended up being acquited. The Congress party as been cesspool of corruption. As crazy as it sounds people in both parties have faced murder and other serious charges.

Modi’s campaign was based on economic promises but unemployment has been highest in 45 years and GDP growth fell down sharply. Moreover the BJP has been accused of hiding the real stats. Then there is Modi’s signature economic policy “demonetization” an attempt to get dark money out of circulation which sounds like a good idea but ended up being a massive failure. And I know a lot of you guys will be thinking ” atleast he tried” but let’s be real when we have ever given A for effort lol!. The worst part of demonetization thing was it hurt the poor people the hardest especially farmers. Modi is appealing to his base with his “India first” agenda and at same time he has given new life to Hindu nationalist movement because of his deep ties with RSS a right wing organisation that’s the ideological backbone of BJP.

BJP is heavily pushing their nationalist agenda throughout the country especially in Uttar Pradesh through India’s one of the most hardcore political figures a monk yogi Adityanath. This is the guy who BJP is counting on to deliver votes and he has systematically used fear of minorities as a cultural wedge issue. Under yogi Adityanath the state has changed the names of places throughout the UP from the Muslim names to the Hindu names. And it’s isn’t just Muslims the violence against all the minorities group has gone up take for example the phenomena known as cow lynching.

This pattern of growing religious nationalism, violence , disregard for the institutions , rampant misinformation, weak and corrupt opposition constitute the soul of Indian politics.