Hello reader here I will analyse both side of this controversial law which is facing a mixed kind of response throughout the country. On one side we have people applauding the government and on the other side we have people questioning the ethics of the government calling it unconstitutional and discriminatory.
What is CAA?
The citizenship amendment act , 2019 is an act passed in Parliament on December 11,2019. The 2019 CAA amends the citizenship act of 1955 allowing Indian citizenship for Hindus, Christians, Sikh, Parsi and Jain religious minorities who fled from the neighboring Muslim majority countries Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh before December 2014 due to religious persecution. However the act excludes Muslims.
What is NRC?
The National Register of citizens is a register of all Indian citizens whose creation is mandated by the Citizenship Act 1955, as amended in 2003. It has been implemented by the state of Assam between 2013-2014 . The government of India plans to implement for rest of the country before 2024.
CAA & NRC a boon
Now let us look at the brighter side of the picture. If you think that those minorities which are suffering and there is not even a single country for them where they can live peacefully and India is the only hope then it is a big yes …. CAA is justified and let me tell you the logic behind it
During the partition there were more than 30% minorities contributing to whole Pakistan, Now minorities are less than 3% and graph is going down due to forced conversions and killings. And scenario is same in Afghanistan and Bangladesh. So they have no option left other than turning towards India.
There are many Rohingya refugees living across the border states of Bangladesh and India that fled from Myanmar. Now our BSF have reported the terror links of these Rohingyas which is a serious threat to the national security. Here government claim that NRC would identify these elements and they will be eliminated.
If we talk in the context of Kashmir NRC can be vital for the removal of terrorism in the valley by eliminating the infiltrators. We all remember the exodus of Kashmiri Hindus from the valley in early 1990 which is the dark spot in the history of Indian democracy. The government claims that abrogation of 370 and implementation of NRC can stabilize the tension in the valley leading to the restoration of Kashmiri Hindu in the state.
CAA & NRC a bane
Let’s talk about the controversial side of the law. CAA doesn’t include muslims and that itself violates the article 14 of our constitution. The people who are opposing this law are asking questions like
- Why government has considered only religious persecution? Why not the language persecution that is happening with Tamilians in Srilanka. Why they haven’t taken sect persecution into consideration like Ahemadiyas and Shia Muslims in Pakistan and Hazara Muslims in Afghanistan.
- Why they have excluded countries like china where uyghur muslims are persecuted?
The government claims that there are many countries for Muslims but if that is the case there are many countries for Christians as well.
Now let us understand why people of Assam are opposing the CAA. Under Assam Accord of 1985, foreigners who had entered Assam before March 25, 1971 were to be given citizenship. Religious persecution was no consideration. The rest had to be expelled. Here CAA clearly violates the Assam accord as it grants citizenship to the minorities who entered from Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh before December 2014. The people of Assam believe that this will change the demography of the state and will adversely affect the indigenous culture.
Let us understand how CAA and NRC when carried together is unconstitutional. If Assam style NRC is implemented across the country the foreigners will be identified but here is a catch the Hindu , Christian , Sikh and Parsi can claim the citizenship through CAA but muslims can’t which make the law discriminatory. Thus it is dividing country on the religious ground.
So far I have mentioned legal and social aspects of the law now let’s talk about it’s financial aspect. It had cost Rs 399 for the NRC of one person in Assam so if we multiply this cost with the total population of India it will come around 54,000 crores. Now the question arises is it sensible enough to implement NRC throughout the country when our GDP growth is declining, is it sensible to implement NRC when GST collection isn’t up to the mark , is it okay to implement the NRC when unemployment is at highest in the country since 1975.
Not everything is black and white there are shades of grey and this is the classic example of that with too many shades of grey.